Database Forensics and Its Importance in this currently, the majority of the applications use high-performance databases to manage the data. While, the organizations are implementing robust security mechanisms to protect the databases, hackers are introducing sophisticated ways to attack them, resulting in sensitive data exposure.
Database forensics deals with the examination of databases and its associated metadata. The process involved in database forensics is similar to the ones followed in computer forensics.
Databases act as the primary source of electronic evidence for every organization irrespective of its size and complexity. On the occurrence of an unexpected incident, a forensic examiner produces this evidence in the court of law, regardless the size of the databases. As a part of an investigation, the investigator may examine the time stamps to check and validate the activities carried out by the user/users on the database contents. They can also analyze the transactions in the Transaction Log Data Files (.ldf) to see if any user/users performed fraudulent activities on the database. A server hosting databases may contain cached information in its RAM. Forensic investigators may even examine this information using live analysis techniques.
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Forensic database specialists have quite difficult task when it involves working through corrupted databases, as against standard c, which affect fragmented “normal” data because it is found on a standard disk drive . this is often because standard file systems allocate a header and a footer bit to a file, allowing the reconstruction of the file, in some cases, by using information from the metadata within the file system. However, databases don’t have static headers or footers, and are actually scattered across multiple different identifiers. As a result, special tools and techniques are required for this highly specialized forensic work, and therefore the Certified Computer Forensics Examiner (CCFE) is a superb certification to assist you get there.
What Database Systems Are Mostly Commonly utilized in Forensics?
This comes right down to database popularity among businesses, companies and individuals. There are many different DBMS systems to settle on from, but the five hottest database companies are listed below, as per DB-ENGINES.COM . Here are the highest five, along side their DB schema types:
- Oracle (Relational management System)
- MySQL (Relational management System)
- Microsoft SQL Server (Relational management System)
- PostgresSQL (Relational management System)
- MongoDB (Document Stores)
As you’ll see, electronic database management systems hold the lion’s share of the highest spots within the DBMS stakes, and one can therefore infer that there’s indeed healthy demand for these DB types. this is often primarily due to the convenience with which applications and web interfaces can interact with these data stores, with ODBC drivers being made publicly available for many of the DBMS systems listed here.
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For this reason, as a professional CCFE, you’ll end up within the enviable position of being suited to any situation where a forensic specialist is required within the field of IT. you’ll be briefed on the simplest legal and ethical principles, the way to conduct yourself during an investigation, the fundamentals of forensic science and scientific principles, digital forensics, application forensics (in which you’ll find database forensics) and hybrid and emerging technologies.
The CCFE therefore offers you an excellent entry point into the planet of cybersecurity and forensics, and may be a must for anyone looking to further their understanding of digital forensics in an IT-heavy environment.
Questions related to this topic
- Why is a forensic copy important?
- What are databases useful for?
- What computer forensics do?
- What is database short note?
- What is Database Forensics and Its Importance?
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