Scope and Limitations of Ethical Hacking, It is a structured and organized security assessment, usually as part of a penetration test. Security audit and is a crucial component of risk assessment, and information systems security best practices. It is used to identify risks and highlight remedial actions, and also to reduce Information and Communications Technology (ICT) costs by resolving those vulnerabilities.
An ethical hacker should understand the penalties of unauthorized hacking into a system. No ethical hacking activities related to a network-penetration check or security audit should begin till a signed official document giving the ethical hacker specific permission to perform the hacking activities is received from the target organization. Ethical hackers got to be considered with their hacking skills and acknowledge the implications of misusing those skills. Pc crimes are generally classified into 2 categories: crimes facilitated by a computer and crimes wherever the pc is that the target.
Security experts broadly categorize computer crimes into two categories Crimes facilitated by a computer and those in which the computer is the target. As with all kinds of events or procedures, moral hacking additionally has its darker side.
Also Read:-What is Ethical Hacking? & Types of Hacking
The probable drawbacks of ethical hacking include:
- The ethical hacker could turn unscrupulous and use the information they gain to execute malicious hacking activities.
- Since hacker has access to an organization or individual’s financial and business-critical information. He/she will misuse it within the worst case situations.
- There is usually a risk that the ethical hacker could send and/or place malicious code, viruses, malware and alternative harmful things on a computer system.
Though the on tops of risks are not universal, enterprises. People should take these into thought before availing the services of an ethical hacker. The ethical hacker must follow certain rules to fulfill the ethical and moral obligations.
An ethical hacker must do the following:
- Gain authorization from the client and have a signed contract giving the tester permission to perform the test.
- Maintain confidentiality when performing the test and follow a Nondisclosure Agreement (NDA) . The client for the confidential information disclosed during the Test. The information gathered might contain sensitive information and the ethical hacker must not disclose. Any information about the test or the confidential company data to a third party.
- Perform the test up to but not beyond the agreed-upon limits. For example, ethical hackers should perform DoS attacks only if they have previously been agreed upon with the client. Loss of revenue, goodwill, worse could befall an organization. Whose servers or applications are unavailable to customers because of the testing.
The following steps provide a framework for performing a security audit of an organization. Which will help in ensuring that the test is organized, efficient, and ethical.
- Talk to the client, and discuss the needs to be addressed during the testing.
- Prepare and sign NDA documents with the client.
- Organize an ethical hacking team, and prepare a schedule for testing.
- Conduct the test.
- Analyze the results of the testing, and prepare a report.
- Present the report findings to the client.
Related Product:- Certified Ethical Hacker | CEH Certification
However, there are limitations too. Unless the businesses first know what they are looking for and why they are hiring an outside vendor to hack systems in the first place; chances are there would not be much to gain from the experience. An ethical hacker thus can only help the organization to better understand. Their security system, but it is up to the organization to place the right guards on the network.
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