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Bob was recently hired by a medical company after it experienced a major cyber security breach. Many patients are complaining that their personal medical records are fully exposed on the Internet and someone can find them with a simple Google search. Bob’s boss is very worried because of regulations that protect those data. Which of the following regulations is mostly violated?

Bob was recently hired by a medical company after it experienced a major cyber security breach. Many patients are complaining that their personal medical records are fully exposed on the Internet and someone can find them with a simple Google search. Bob’s boss is very worried because of regulations that protect those data. Which of the following regulations is mostly violated?

Option 1: ISO 2002
Option 2 : HIPPA/PHI
Option 3 : PII
Option 4 : PCI DSS

1. ISO 2002

Abstract. ISO 19011:2002 provides guidance on the principles of auditing, managing audit programmes, conducting quality management system audits and environmental management system audits, also as guidance on the competence of quality and environmental management system auditors. It is applicable to all organizations organizations needing to conduct internal or external audits of quality and/or environmental management systems or to manage an plan.

The application of ISO 19011 to alternative types of audits is feasible in theory as long as special thought is paid to identifying the competence required by the audit team members in such cases.

2. HIPPA/PHI

PHI stands for Protected Health info. The HIPAA Privacy Rule provides federal protections for private health info held by lined entities and provides patients an array of rights with regard to that info. under HIPAA phi is considered to be any identifiable health info that’s used, maintained, stored, or transmitted by a HIPAA-covered entity – a healthcare provider, health plan or health insurer, or a aid clearinghouse – or a business associate of a HIPAA-covered entity, in relation to the availability of aid or payment for aid services.

It is not only past and current medical info that’s considered letter under HIPAA Rules, however also future info concerning medical conditions or physical and mental health related to the provision of care or payment for care. phi is health info in any kind, together with physical records, electronic records, or spoken info.

Therefore, letter includes health records, medical histories, lab check results, and medical bills. basically, all health info is considered letter once it includes individual identifiers. Demographic info is additionally thought of phi underneath HIPAA Rules, as square measure several common identifiers like patient names, Social Security numbers, Driver’s license numbers, insurance details, and birth dates, once they square measure connected with health info.

The eighteen identifiers that create health info letter are:

  • Names
  • Dates, except year
  • phonephone numbers
  • Geographic information
  • FAX numbers
  • Social Security numbers
  • Email addresses
  • case history numbers
  • Account numbers
  • Health arrange beneficiary numbers
  • Certificate/license numbers
  • Vehicle identifiers and serial numbers together with license plates
  • Web URLs
  • Device identifiers and serial numbers
  • net protocol addresses
  • Full face photos and comparable pictures
  • Biometric identifiers (i.e. retinal scan, fingerprints)
  • Any distinctive identifying variety or code

One or a lot of of those identifiers turns health info into letter, and phi HIPAA Privacy Rule restrictions can then apply that limit uses and disclosures of the data. HIPAA lined entities and their business associates will ought to guarantee applicable technical, physical, and body safeguards are enforced to make sure the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of phi as stipulated within the HIPAA Security Rule.

3. PII

Personally identifiable info (PII) is any information that will potentially identify a selected individual. Any info which will be used to distinguish one person from another and will be used for deanonymizing previously anonymous information are usually considered PII. Personal identifiable info (PII) is defined as:

Any representation of knowledge that permits the identity of a personal to whom the knowledge applies to be reasonably inferred by either direct or indirect means. Further, PII is outlined as information: (i) that directly identifies an individual (e.g., name, address, social security variety or different identifying number or code, sign, email address, etc.) or (ii) by that an agency intends to spot specific people in conjunction with other information elements, i.e., indirect identification. (These data components could include a combination of gender, race, birth date, geographic indicator, and different descriptors). additionally, info allowing the physical or on-line contacting of a selected individual is that the same as in person identifiable info. This info may be maintained in either paper, electronic or different media.

3. PCI DSS

The Payment Card industry data Security standard is an data security standard for organizations that handle branded credit cards from the most card schemes. The PCI commonplace is remitted by the cardboard brands however administered by the Payment Card industry Security Standards Council. The Payment Card business data Security standard (PCI DSS) may be a set of security standards formed in 2004 by Visa, MasterCard, Discover financial Services, JCB International and american express. ruled by the Payment Card business Security Standards Council (PCI SSC), the compliance theme aims to secure credit and debit card transactions against data theft and fraud.

While the PCI SSC has no legal authority to compel compliance, it’s a demand for any business that processes credit or positive identification transactions. PCI certification is additionally thought of the simplest thanks to safeguard sensitive knowledge and data, thereby helping businesses build long lasting and trusting relationships with their customers.

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